Hilla University College Journal For Medical Science

Document Type

Original Study


DRS, Esotropic, Exotropic, Baghdad and Refractive error


Purpose: To evaluate the distribution of the ocular deviation among different types of Duane Retraction Syndrome (DRS)

Method: This historical cohort study was performed on 321 hospital records of different types of DRS patients in Baghdad, Iraq from 2012 to 2022. Patient data collected included sex, age, laterality of DRS (unilateral or bilateral), presence of abnormal head posture (AHP), source of DRS (congenital, acquired), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), refractive error, deviation at primary gaze in far and near, overaction or underaction of extraocular movement.

Result: The mean age of DRS patients 321 patients was 16.05 ± 12.6 (range, 1 to 73) years. The patient’s records included 191 (59.5%) females and 130 (40.5%) males (P

Conclusion: The most common type of ocular deviation was esotropia in type I of DRS patients followed by exotropia and orthotropia, respectively.